This article pays close attention to atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery without angina pectoris. To fully understand cardiovascular diseases, the first step will be looking at the symptoms of having a cardiovascular disease. Some of the common symptoms are pains or pressure around the chest area which may be a clear indication of angina, discomfort or pain around the arms, elbow, shoulder or back and shortness of breath. Nausea, fatigue and cold sweat are common symptoms too. Many patients may be experiencing a number of these symptoms during the initial stages of any cardiovascular disease. Seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms.
How to detect it?
Patient with atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery without angina pectoris experience immense and repetitive chest pain. It is due to that heart muscle failing to get enough oxygen-rich blood. In addition to that, one may feel like squeezing the chest muscles. Patient experiences discomfort as a result of the disease around one’s shoulders, jaw, back and arms. Pain as a result of angina may introduce the feeling of having indigestion. One must also be cognizant of the fact that angina can also be a symptom of the coronary microvascular disease (MVD).
The main cause of this type of cardiovascular disease is the narrowing of blood vessels that supply the heart with blood. This type of cardiovascular disease progress slowly. There is progressive hardening and narrowing of major blood vessels such as the coronary arteries and the aorta. Some of the most common risk factors in this case are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and cigarette smoking. Lifestyle is the main cause behind most of cardiovascular diseases. Over the years, doctors advised patients to look into the type of lifestyles that they have.
As much as this disease is known to develop in almost any blood vessel, other common areas that are usually affected by both narrowing
and hardening are the heart, brain, legs, pelvis, arms and kidneys. As mentioned above, this disease involves slow but progressive build-up of plaque within the walls of the arteries. Plaque composed of cholesterol, fat, and calcium and all other substances found within the human body. As it grows, plaque leads to the narrowing of the inner walls of the arteries and if unattended to, may lead to restriction of blood flow.
It is important to note that plaque can be responsible for either hardening or softening the arteries. The main difference between hard and soft plaques is that whereas hard plaque results into hardening and thickening of the arteries, soft plaque on the other hand can disintegrate from the artery walls and get into the bloodstream. The net result of this is that it can lead to the formation of a blood clot that can either restrict blood flow or totally block the artery. Vital body organs that are dependent on these arteries are likely to get a major blow by starving from improper supply of oxygen leading to severe damage or cell destruction.
Cardiovascular diseases especially atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery without angina pectoris have proven to be very dangerous. Therefore it must be handled with uttermost care. Patients upon recognition of the symptoms must seek urgent medical attention as a quick means of containing the situation. Lastly, some of the symptoms are similar to other ailments. Therefore, regular check-ups are recommended upon suspicion of having the disease.